The questions are part of the very long questionnaire (titled “FISHERIES SUBSIDIES – ROADMAP FOR DISCUSSIONS) that Mr Valles submitted to WTO Members on 19 December 2008, together with the new negotiating texts on anti-dumping and horizontal subsidies disciplines. The WTO reference (or "symbol") is TN/RL/W/236:
(a) Do participants support an essentially full carve-out from the disciplines for LDCs?
(b) For developing Members other than LDCs, is it appropriate and consistent with the mandate that S&D exceptions be broadest and subject to the fewest conditions for subsidies to the smallest-scale, closest to shore, and least commercial fishing operations, with exceptions becoming progressively narrower and subject to more conditions as the subsidized operations become larger-scale, further from shore, and more commercial?
- (i) If so, how could such different types, scales and/or geographic areas of operations be defined and differentiated?
- (ii) How would the resulting categories relate to the mandate to discipline subsidies that contribute to overcapacity or overfishing?
- (iii) What types of conditionalities would apply, to which categories?
(d) If no other dividing lines among types, scales and/or geographic areas of operations can be identified, would all non-LDC developing Members receive the same S&D treatment in respect of their fisheries subsidies to all types, scales and geographic areas of fisheries operations?
- (i) In such a situation, what should the exceptions be, and to what conditions should they be subject?
- (ii) If all non-LDC developing Members were fully exempted from eventual prohibitions on, for example, subsidies for vessel construction/modification, and operating costs, how could it be ensured that such subsidies would not contribute to overcapacity or overfishing?
- (iii) On what other basis could S&D treatment be structured?
- (i) If so, which exemptions should be subject to such conditionality?
- (ii) What sort of fisheries management conditionalities should these be and how could their effectiveness at preventing overcapacity and overfishing be ensured? Would self-certification that management was effective be sufficient?
- (i) How can effective technical assistance for the implementation of management conditionalities be ensured while not indirectly making more resources available to subsidize?
- (ii) How can developing Members' needs and donor Member's capabilities be reconciled in a way that contributes most efficiently to fulfilling the mandate?
Comments and/or answers to the above questions are very much welcome !!
Here is the official WTO announcement of the release of the Chair's document:
And here is the link to an article on the ICTSD's website commenting the "Roadmap":